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Many mosques have elaborate domes, minarets, and prayer halls, in varying styles of architecture.Mosques originated on the Arabian Peninsula, but are now found in all inhabited continents.The mosque serves as a place where Muslims can come together for Ṣalāh (Arabic: Since as early as 638 CE, the Sacred Mosque has been expanded on several occasions to accommodate the increasing number of Muslims who either live in the area or make the annual pilgrimage known as Ḥajj (Arabic: The Islamic Prophet Muhammad went on to establish another mosque in Medina, which is now known as the Masjid an-Nabawi, or the Prophet's Mosque.

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Mosques had been built in Iraq and North Africa by the end of the 7th century, as Islam spread outside the Arabian Peninsula with early caliphates.

The Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbala is reportedly one of the oldest mosques in Iraq, although its present form – typical of Persian architecture – only goes back to the 11th century.

The Mosque of Amr ibn al-As was reportedly the first mosque in Egypt, serving as a religious and social center for Fustat (present-day Cairo) during its prime.

Like the Imam Husayn Shrine, though, nothing of its original structure remains.

The Great Mosque of Kairouan in present-day Tunisia was reportedly the first mosque built in northwest Africa, with its present form (dating from the 9th century) serving as a model for other Islamic places of worship in the Maghreb.

It was the first to incorporate a square minaret (as opposed to the more common circular minaret) and includes naves akin to a basilica.The first mosque in East Asia was reportedly established in the 8th century in Xi'an.However, the Great Mosque of Xi'an, whose current building dates from the 18th century, does not replicate the features often associated with mosques elsewhere.Following traditional Chinese architecture, the Great Mosque of Xi'an, like many other mosques in eastern China, resembles a pagoda, with a green roof instead of the yellow roof common on imperial structures in China.Mosques in western China were more likely to incorporate elements, like domes and minarets, traditionally seen in mosques elsewhere.A similar integration of foreign and local influences could be seen on the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java, where mosques, including the Demak Great Mosque, were first established in the 15th century.

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