quotes about dating younger people - Maya r b dating

Tracing political change through refined chronologies is a critical step for the study of social dynamics.

Whereas coarse chronologies can give an impression of gradual change, better temporal control may reveal multiple episodes of rapid disruption comprised in that span.

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The emerging understanding of similarities and differences in the two cases of collapse provides an important basis for evaluating the vulnerability and resilience of Maya political systems.

The lowland Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala, had a long history of occupation, spanning from the Middle Preclassic Period through the Terminal Classic (1000 BC to AD 950).

The Ceibal-Petexbatun Archaeological Project has been conducting archaeological investigations at this site since 2005 and has obtained 154 radiocarbon dates, which represent the largest collection of radiocarbon assays from a single Maya site.

The Bayesian analysis of these dates, combined with a detailed study of ceramics, allowed us to develop a high-precision chronology for Ceibal.

Through this chronology, we traced the trajectories of the Preclassic collapse around AD 150–300 and the Classic collapse around AD 800–950, revealing similar patterns in the two cases.

Social instability started with the intensification of warfare around 75 BC and AD 735, respectively, followed by the fall of multiple centers across the Maya lowlands around AD 150 and 810.The population of Ceibal persisted for some time in both cases, but the center eventually experienced major decline around AD 300 and 900.Despite these similarities in their diachronic trajectories, the outcomes of these collapses were different, with the former associated with the development of dynasties centered on divine rulership and the latter leading to their downfalls.The Ceibal dynasty emerged during the period of low population after the Preclassic collapse, suggesting that this dynasty was placed under the influence from, or by the direct intervention of, an external power.The processes of growth and decline of centralized polities represent a critical question in archaeological research.Particularly important moments of political changes in lowland Maya society include the decline of multiple centers at the end of the Preclassic Period (around AD 150–300), the emergence of historically documented dynasties at various centers at the end of the Preclassic Period and during the Early Classic Period (AD 200–600), and the abandonment of many settlements at the end of the Classic Period (around AD 800–950).

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