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The traditional kayak has a covered deck and one or more cockpits, each seating one paddler.The cockpit is sometimes covered by a spray deck that prevents the entry of water from waves or spray and makes it possible for suitably skilled kayakers to roll the kayak: that is, to capsize and right it without it filling with water or ejecting the paddler.Some modern boats vary considerably from a traditional design but still claim the title "kayak", for instance in eliminating the cockpit by seating the paddler on top of the boat ("sit-on-top" kayaks); having inflated air chambers surrounding the boat; replacing the single hull by twin hulls, and replacing paddles with other human-powered propulsion methods, such as foot-powered rotational propellers and "flippers".

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This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards.

The specific problem is: references need improving, globalization needed (nothing on the dory-shaped East Arctic kayaks, for example), expert needed.

Aleut: Iqyax) were originally developed by the Inuit, Yup'ik, and Aleut.

They used the boats to hunt on inland lakes, rivers and coastal waters of the Arctic Ocean, North Atlantic, Bering Sea and North Pacific oceans.

These first kayaks were constructed from stitched seal or other animal skins stretched over a wood or whalebone-skeleton frame.

(Western Alaskan Natives used wood whereas the eastern Inuit used whalebone due to the treeless landscape).

Kayaks are believed to be at least 4,000 years old.

The oldest existing kayaks are exhibited in the North America department of the State Museum of Ethnology in Munich, with the oldest dating from 1577.

Native people made many types of boat for different purposes.

The baidarka, developed by indigenous cultures in Alaska, was also made in double or triple cockpit designs, for hunting and transporting passengers or goods.

An umiak is a large open sea canoe, ranging from 17 to 30 feet (5.2 to 9.1 m), made with seal skins and wood.

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