2 corinthians 6 14 dating

First Corinthians is one of the four letters of Paul known as the Hauptbriefe, which are universally accepted to be authentic.

Werner Georg Kummel states (Introduction to the New Testament, p.

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2 corinthians 6 14 dating

Apollos, an Alexandrian Jew, came to Ephesus, was instructed by Aquila and Priscilla (-26), and went over to Corinth to teach God’s word (--19:1 cf. 2 Corinthians 1:1 reports Timothy as being with Paul in Macedonia E. After the sending of Timothy, news of conflicts in the Church at Corinth reached Paul through “Chloe’s people” (Stephanas, Fortunatus, and Achaicus) (1 Cor. Paul wrote 1 Corinthians in response to the reports from “Chloe’s people” and probably sent it by Titus (cf. This allows time for Paul to engage in evangelism along the Egnatian Way and possibly in Illyricum (?

Paul spent some time in Antioch, and set off on his third missionary journey traveling back through Galatia, Phrygia and coming to Ephesus (; 19:1) H. On Paul’s third missionary journey Ephesus became his base of operations for three years (Acts ; 19:1--20:1, 31). “Here for this third time I am ready to come to you ....” (2 Cor. “This is the third time I am coming to you.” (2 Cor. Paul’s unrecorded visit (his actual second visit) is probably the sorrowful visit mentioned in 2 Corinthians 2:1; ; 13:2 cf. Paul’s first visit (recorded in Acts 18) was not a sorrowful one. From the point of view of 2 Corinthians the sorrowful visit has already occurred and the third visit has not yet occurred (cf. 1 Corinthians and -11 views the coming of Timothy as still future c. It seems that the term “sorrowful” in 2 Corinthians refers to the response of the Corinthians rather than the mindset of Paul (2 Cor. “Last year” in 2 Corinthians ; 9:2 need not point to a six month interval since it is hard to know which calendar (Roman, Jewish ecclesiastical, Athenian, Jewish civil) he was following 3.

The Jews brought Paul before Gallio (proconsul of Achaia AD 51 or 52) for breaking their law of worship, but he dismissed Paul since it was not a matter of “wrong or of viscous crime” (Acts -17) F. Paul set off from Ephesus, landed at Caeserea, greeted the church there and went down to Syrian Antioch (-22) G. From Ephesus Paul made a visit which was not recorded in the book of Acts The second visit to Corinth recorded in Acts 20:1-3 is probably the third visit which Paul promises to make in 2 Corinthians and 13:1 a. Paul does say that he does not want to come to the Corinthians in sorrow again (2 Cor. Acts reports that Timothy went only as far as Macedonia b. It is possible that 1 Corinthians is the sorrowful/severe letter written by Paul (2 Cor. Some identify 2 Corinthians 10-13 as part of the “sorrowful” letter, but this assumes the disunity of 2 Corinthians. While 1 Corinthians does not express a sorrowful tone on behalf of Paul. 2:4) was probably in having to make so many corrections to those whom he loved in the young church, but who trusted in natural wisdom. They could have been written in the spring and the fall of the same year, but the “winter” of 1 Corinthians 16:6 need not be the “winter” of Acts 20:3 2. Therefore, 2 Corinthians was probably written about eighteen months after First Corinthians (AD 55/56), or in the fall of AD 56/57 A.

When the Jews rejected Paul, he left the synagogue and began meetings in the house of Titus Justus next to the synagogue (Acts 18:7-8) E. Aquila and Priscilla accompanied Paul on his journey to Ephesus where they remained (-19, 26) 3. If Paul had visited the Corinthians (in the unrecorded/sorrowful visit) after he wrote the “lost” epistle, then he would have probably explained this point in person rather than needing to explain it in another letter (our 1 Corinthians) D. Paul later sent Timothy to Corinth by way of Macedonia (1 Cor. It is doubtful whether Timothy reached Corinth before the writing of 2 Corinthians a. Either Titus, or whoever delivered 1 Corinthians, probably told the Corinthians of Paul’s intention to visit the Corinthians twice as is reported in 2 Corinthians --2:4 4. Paul seemed to have agreed with Titus to meet him in Troas when Titus returned from delivering the letter of 1 Corinthians to Corinth to report on the response to the Corinthian church to Paul’s severe letter of correction (2 Cor. Paul could not find Titus and thus went on to Macedonia (2 Cor. Possibly as much as eighteen or more months intervened between the writing of First and Second Corinthians: 1.

Silas and Timothy came down from Macedonia and joined Paul in Corinth whereupon Paul devoted himself full time to the ministry of the word (Acts 18:5) D. Paul wrote an epistle which the church does not now possess (cf. 1 Corinthians 5:9-11 explains some of the contents of the lost epistle: not to associate with immoral people within the body and not with respect to unbelievers b. Paul’s final departure from Corinth was after three winter months (Acts 20:3) whereupon he sailed from Philippi in the spring (“after the feast of Unleavened Bread” 20:6). Therefore, Paul’s writing of his intended visit in 2 Corinthians ; 13:1 would have been before his final winter stay there: in the fall C.

The Church in Corinth was planted on Paul’s second missionary journey in AD 50-51 after his visit in Athens (cf. Paul stayed with Roman Jews (who were expelled in AD 49 or 50) named Aquila and Priscilla eighteen months in Corinth teaching the word of God and working as tent makers (Acts 18:1-3, 11) C. While it is possible that this epistle was written before the unrecorded (sorrowful) visit, it seems more logical to place it after the sorrowful visit: a. Second Corinthians was probably written in the fall: 1.

Paul often portrays himself as struggling to maintain his authority as an apostle with the Corinthians, and to preserve the Corinthians from apostasy; this would be unlikely for an imitator A. When Paul heard of the response of the church to 1 Corinthians, he wrote 2 Corinthians from Macedonia (2 Cor. First Corinthians was probably written in the spring of AD 55/56 (see introduction to First Corinthians for argumentation) B.

Paul refers to himself within the letter (10:1; “I”; biographical portions like 11--12) 3. Arrives in Ephesus in AD 53 and stays three years (Acts ; ) 2.

Paul identifies himself as the author in 2 Corinthians 1:1 2.

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